“It is said that women’s history was written in white ink. Invisible. That they hardly appear in textbooks, dictionaries, and encyclopedias. Often it’s nearly impossible to reconstruct their biographies. Sometimes the only mention of their existence is recorded in the unpublished diaries of their friends." (source)
Suffragettes in Kraków in 1911, demanding the right to vote for Polish women. That right would be granted in 1918, following the Great War. (source)
Jadwiga Klemensiewicz, Janina Kosmowska, and Stanisława Dowgiałło, first women to be fully admitted as students of pharmacy at Jagiellonian University in Kraków in 1897. The Jagiellonian University first began admitting women in 1894, although initially they were only permitted to audit courses. On August 24th, 1894, Filipina and Konstancja Studzińskie were the first two women not only in Poland, but in the world, to recieve a Doctor of Pharmacy degree. Although they were not yet fully allowed to study at Jagiellonian University, they completed their studies through an external program. (source)
Anna Tomaszewicz-Dobrska, the first woman in Poland to earn the title of Medical Doctor, and first to open her own medical practice. Tomaszewicz-Dobrska was an OBGYN as well as a pediatrician, a women’s rights activist, and a pioneer in her field. She performed the first caesarian section in Warsaw in 1896. (source)
Teenage girls served as couriers during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. Risking their lives each day, the girls played a prominent role in the Uprising, as it was up to them to pass all crucial orders between the fighting batallions spread throughout the city. Many of these young heroines did not live through the Uprising. (source)
Helena Wiewiórska, Poland’s first female lawyer. Upon finishing her law degree, she became the first practicing female lawyer in Poland and opened an independent practice in 1925. (source)
Polish Voluntary II Death Squad in Lviv 1920. Far right: Janina Łada-Walicka, Polish writer, publicist, political activist, and non-commissioned officer during the Polish-Soviet War. (source)
Best Pope story yet?
Pope Francis has been sneaking out of the Vatican at night to serve the homeless.
The Pope for people who don’t like popes strikes again.
HE WAS ALSO A BOUNCER AT A NIGHTCLUB
Pope Francis has also shed the trappings of wealth that generally accompany his position (golden cape, ornate throne) in favor of white threads and a simple wooden chair. He’s also the first Pope to wash a woman’s feet, insisting that it’s what Jesus Christ would have done. Even if you’re not religious you can appreciate that this is a genuinely good man, and a wonderful leader of the Catholic Church.
Nice to see he’s setting a good example. You go pope!